Environmental Degradation is a serious issue haunting our planet. Modifications in biophysical environments, ecosystems, and natural resources have been causing global warming, ocean acidification, climate changes and many more unnatural, dangerous outcomes. The seismic shifts on the environment are directly or indirectly inflicted by human beings, driven by a desire to tailor the planet to meet specific needs. Human activities that cause such problems are overconsumption and exploitation of limited natural resources, pollution, deforestation etc. These problems (global warming and biodiversity loss) are inadvertently affecting the human race as well.
The intensifying struggle on thinning natural resources are threatening our infrastructure, food systems, and quality of life. The devastation on earth also affects agriculture, which mainly depends on water, soil and air quality and climatic conditions. Other major environmental issues like contamination of clean water, air pollution, sound pullution etc; widely impacts human health. The planet and its resources are precious and sustainable usage must be made a priority.
To confront these problems, innovative technological approaches can be used. Internet of Things(IoT) is one such technology that can curb these issues and put people and the planet on the same side of interests. Internet of Things, with its advanced data analytics and software aided by sensors can assist in the transformation of the world into a greener, healthier place to live in.
The population in cities are rising every day. As per recent surveys by the UN, it is reported that around 55% of the global population resides in cities. This is estimated to increase in the coming decades, which will inevitably have negative impacts on climatic conditions.
The new networked sensors based IoT systems can help in bringing in sustainability to urban life. It can help in sensing surroundings by collecting data on air quality, climate, traffic, and other metrics. This collected data can help in making cities more convenient and efficient to live in. It can also be a part of making better decisions and implementing feasible IoT services. The services can help in reducing traffic congestion, air, and water pollution.
The drastic changes in climate and unpredictable weather conditions are posing tough challenges for farmers. IoT can assist farmers to perform old methods of farming in a better and smarter way. The sensors in IoT systems can help in tracking agricultural processes. These analytics can help build smarter solutions in reducing the consumption of water, fertilizers and cut wastage.
IoT can also assist in transforming healthcare sector and improving public health. This technology can help both doctors and patients. With the aid of wearables and sensor devices, doctors can get faster access to patient data. This will help them to track body functioning and monitor wellbeing of patients remotely.
The more the world is connected through IoT, the more it will empower the users to take better decisions about shared, limited resources. IoT is easily the most promising technology that can help in creating a better world.