India is the world's second-most populous country. Although technology-based solutions are being woven into different domains across the nation, the digital divide between those with access to the internet and those without, remains unbridged. In the last few decades, India has been able to harness telecom and information technology in addressing an array of socio-economic challenges. Now, with the wave of mobile and internet technologies, our country is steadily moving towards a complete digital transformation.
The 'Digital India' program launched in 2015 is aimed at bringing in this digital transformation swiftly. The primary objective of the program is to spread access to high-speed internet connections across India and enable digital services, access, & power to every citizen of the country.
Digital India is mainly centered on three key areas: digital infrastructure, digital empowerment, and on-demand governance & services. To simplify the services and accessibility to government schemes, Digital India has introduced various digital tools that have the potential to impact the lives of billions of people.
DigiLocker is a one-stop solution for the issuance and verification of documents/certificates. This service facilitates DigiLocker’s account with cloud-storage space for Indian citizens to store and secure their documents. The users can directly push their electronic certificates linked with Aadhaar number into their locker account. They can also upload legacy documents and electronically sign the same with the e-sign facility.
e-Sign Framework is a digital alternative to the concept of signing physically for applying, issuing, and submitting of documents. Digital signatures are now set to take the place of handwritten signatures. The e-Sign framework introduced by the Government of India provides an online digital signature facility. The citizens who hold an Aadhaar card and mobile number registered with the card can utilize the convenience of signing any legally accepted form instantly.
Bharat Interface for Money (BHIM) is a payment mobile app used to make online payments. The app uses Unified Payments Interface (UPI) to make hassle-free, quick, and simple direct bank transactions to anyone. BHIM practices UPI ID to pay, request, and authenticate the transaction. Users can even use the QR-scan feature for quick payments.
National Scholarships Portal is a one-stop solution for applying, processing and sanctioning various scholarships for eligible students. This provides Smart, Mission-Oriented, Accountable, Responsive, and Transparent (SMART) solution for issuing of scholarships. Any citizen can create an account on the portal and keep themselves updated on nationwide scholarships and fellowships.
e-Basta is introduced under the Digital India Initiative to make educational resources available to every student in India. It facilitates a framework on which school books are available online for free and commercial in the format of e-books. This initiative brings schools, students, and publishers on a single platform for easy management of digital resources.